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Berry v. Reno Police Department

United States District Court, D. Nevada

October 21, 2019

RENO POLICE DEPARTMENT, et al., Defendants.

          ORDER RE: ECF NO. 60


         Before the court is Plaintiff's Motion for Appointment of Counsel (ECF No. 60).[1] Plaintiff bases his motion on (1) the fact that he is unable to afford counsel, (2) that the court's General Order 2017-07 states that “attorneys admitted to practice in this district have a strong tradition of providing pro bono representation to indigent litigants in civil cases - in the courts of the State of Nevada, ” (3) Defendants represented by counsel (Brian Sooudi) have unlimited access to resources such as internet, law library and expert witnesses, (4) that Plaintiff's incarceration will “greatly limit” his ability to effectively litigate his case, (5) Plaintiff has limited funds to obtain the materials needed for litigation through U.S. mail, (6) a trial in this case will likely involve conflicting testimony and counsel would better enable Plaintiff to present evidence and cross examine witnesses, and (7) Plaintiff is unable to have any medical records at the Washoe County Jail and these records are essential in proving claims made by the Plaintiff. (Id.)

         As discussed in this court's prior orders denying Plaintiff's motion for appointment of counsel (ECF Nos. 17, 22), a litigant in a civil rights action does not have a Sixth Amendment right to appointed counsel. Storseth v. Spellman, 654 F.2d 1349, 1353 (9th Cir. 1981). The United States Supreme Court has generally stated that although Congress provided relief for violation of one's civil rights under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, the right to access to the courts is only a right to bring complaints to federal court and not a right to discover such claims or even to litigate them effectively once filed with a court. Lewis v. Casey, 518 U.S. 343, 354-355 (1996).

         In very limited circumstances, federal courts are empowered to request an attorney to represent an indigent civil litigant. The circumstances in which a court will grant such a request, however, are exceedingly rare, and the court will grant the request under only extraordinary circumstances. United States v. 30.64 Acres of Land, 795 F.2d 796, 799-800 (9th Cir. 1986); Wilborn v. Escalderon, 789 F.2d 1328, 1331 (9th Cir. 1986).

         As this court also advised Plaintiff when it denied Plaintiff's prior motions for appointment of counsel (ECF Nos. 17, 22), a finding of such exceptional or extraordinary circumstances requires that the court evaluate both the likelihood of Plaintiff's success on the merits and the pro se litigant's ability to articulate his claims in light of the complexity of the legal issues involved. Neither factor is controlling; both must be viewed together in making the finding. Terrell v. Brewer, 935 F.2d 1015, 1017 (9th Cir. 1991), citing Wilborn, supra, 789 F.2d at 1331. Plaintiff has thus far shown an ability to articulate his claims. (ECF Nos. 1, 3, 16, 18, 20, 33, 35, 39, 50, 51, 53, 54.)

         In the matter of a case's complexity, the Ninth Circuit in Wilborn noted that:

If all that was required to establish successfully the complexity of the relevant issues was a demonstration of the need for development of further facts, practically all cases would involve complex legal issues. Thus, although Wilborn may have found it difficult to articulate his claims pro se, he has neither demonstrated a likelihood of success on the merits nor shown that the complexity of the issues involved was sufficient to require designation of counsel.

         The Ninth Circuit therefore affirmed the District Court's exercise of discretion in denying the request for appointment of counsel because the Plaintiff failed to establish the case was complex as to facts or law. 789 F.2d at 1331.

         The substantive claim involved in Plaintiff's action are not unduly complex. Plaintiff's Amended Complaint was allowed to proceed on the Fourth Amendment excessive force claim against Reno Police Officers Lancaster and Mayfield whom he claims assaulted and injured Plaintiff while being arrested. (ECF No. 13 at 8, 9.) This claim is not so complex that counsel needs to be appointed to prosecute it.

         Similarly, with respect to the Terrell factors, Plaintiff has again failed to convince the court of the likelihood of success on the merits of his claims. In fact, Plaintiff includes no discussion of the merits of any of his claims.

         While any pro se inmate such as Mr. Berry would likely benefit from services of counsel, that is not the standard this court must employ in determining whether counsel should be appointed. Wood v. Housewright, 900 F.2d 1332, 1335-1336 (9th Cir. 1990).

         The court does not have the power “to make coercive appointments of counsel." Mallard v. U.S. Dist. Ct, 490 U.S. 296, 310 (1989). Thus, the court can appoint counsel only under exceptional circumstances. Palmer v. Valdez, 560 F.3d 965, 970 (9th Cir. 2009) [cert den 130 S.Ct. 1282 (2010)]. Plaintiff has not shown that the exceptional circumstances necessary for appointment of counsel are present in this case.

         In the exercise of the court's discretion, it DENIES Plaintiffs Motion for Appointment of Counsel (ECF No. 60).

         IT ...

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