United States District Court, D. Nevada
ORDER RE: ECF NOS. 1, 3
William G. Cobb United States Magistrate Judge.
the court is Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma
pauperis (ECF No. 3) and complaint (ECF No. 1).
APPLICATION FOR LEAVE TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS
person may be granted permission to proceed in forma pauperis
(IFP) if the person “submits an affidavit that includes
a statement of all assets such [person] possesses [and] that
the person is unable to pay such fees or give security
therefor. Such affidavit shall state the nature of the
action, defense or appeal and affiant's belief that the
person is entitled to redress.” 28 U.S.C. §
1915(a)(1); Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1129 (9th
Cir. 2000) (en banc) (stating that 28 U.S.C. § 1915
applies to all actions filed IFP, not just prisoner actions).
addition, the Local Rules of Practice for the District of
Nevada provide: “Any person who is unable to prepay the
fees in a civil case may apply to the court for authority to
proceed [IFP]. The application must be made on the form
provided by the court and must include a financial affidavit
disclosing the applicant's income, assets, expenses, and
liabilities.” LSR 1-1.
supporting affidavits [must] state the facts as to [the]
affiant's poverty with some particularity, definiteness
and certainty.'” U.S. v. McQuade, 647 F.2d
938, 940 (9th Cir. 1981) (quoting Jefferson v. United
States, 277 F.2d 723, 725 (9th Cir. 1960)). A litigant
need not “be absolutely destitute to enjoy the benefits
of the statute.” Adkins v. E.I. Du Pont de Nemours
& Co., 335 U.S. 331, 339 (1948).
review of the application to proceed IFP reveals Plaintiff
cannot pay the filing fee; therefore, the application is
court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court
determines that-- (A) the allegation of poverty is untrue; or
(B) the action or appeal-- (i) is frivolous or malicious;
(ii) fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted;
or (iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is
immune from such relief.” 28 U.S.C. §
of a complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief
may be granted is provided for in Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 12(b)(6), and 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii)
tracks that language. As such, when reviewing the adequacy of
a complaint under this statute, the court applies the same
standard as is applied under Rule 12(b)(6). See e.g.
Watison v. Carter, 668 F.3d 1108, 1112 (9th Cir. 2012)
(“The standard for determining whether a plaintiff has
failed to state a claim upon which relief can be granted
under § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) is the same as the Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) standard for failure to
state a claim.”). Review under Rule 12(b)(6) is
essentially a ruling on a question of law. See Chappel v.
Lab. Corp. of America, 232 F.3d 719, 723 (9th Cir. 2000)
court must accept as true the allegations, construe the
pleadings in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, and
resolve all doubts in the plaintiff's favor. Jenkins
v. McKeithen, 395 U.S. 411, 421 (1969) (citations
omitted). Allegations in pro se complaints are “held to
less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by
lawyers[.]” Hughes v. Rowe, 449 U.S. 5, 9
(1980) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted).
complaint must contain more than a “formulaic
recitation of the elements of a cause of action, ” it
must contain factual allegations sufficient to “raise a
right to relief above the speculative level.” Bell
Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007).
“The pleading must contain something more … than
… a statement of facts that merely creates a suspicion
[of] a legally cognizable right of action.”
Id. (citation and quotation marks omitted). At a
minimum, a plaintiff should include “enough facts to
state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.”
Id. at 570; see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556
U.S. 662, 678 (2009).
dismissal should not be without leave to amend unless it is
clear from the face of the complaint that the action is
frivolous and could not be amended to state a federal claim,
or the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over
the action. See Cato v. United States, 70 F.3d 1103,
1106 (9th Cir. 1995); O'Loughlin v. Doe, 920
F.2d 614, 616 (9th Cir. 1990).
complaint names Nancy A. Berryhill, Acting Commissioner of
Social Security, and requests review of the
Commissioner's final decision. (ECF No. 1.) Federal
courts have sole jurisdiction to conduct judicial review of
the Social Security Administration's determination in
this regard. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). Upon a
review of Plaintiff's complaint, it appears