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On Demand Direct Response, LLC v. McCart-Pollak

United States District Court, D. Nevada

June 17, 2019

ON DEMAND DIRECT RESPONSE, LLC, Plaintiff,
v.
SHANA LEE MCCART-POLLAK, Defendant.

          ORDER AND REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          GEORGE FOLEY, JR. UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         This matter is before the Court on Defendant/Counter-Plaintiff McCart-Pollak's (“McCart-Pollak”) Motion for Further Contempt Proceedings (ECF No. 428), filed on March 11, 2019. Plaintiff/Counter-Defendant On Demand Direct Response, LLC (“On Demand”) filed its Opposition (ECF No. 433) on March 25, 2019. McCart-Pollak filed her Reply (ECF No. 438) on April 3, 2019. Also before the Court is McCart-Pollak's Motion to Enforce Court Order 408 (ECF No. 429) on March 13, 2019.

         BACKGROUND

         McCart-Pollak requests that the Court conduct further contempt proceedings against On Demand for failing to respond to discovery requests and failing to comply with orders of the Court. On June 19, 2018, the Court accepted and adopted the Magistrate Judge's report and recommendation that case dispositive sanctions be imposed against On Demand, including entry of default judgment on McCart-Pollak's counterclaims. See ECF No. 362. The Court found that On Demand and its counsel, Mr. Miller[1], were in contempt of the Court's orders. They were ordered to respond to McCart-Pollak's requests for production nos. 3, 4, 5, 8, 15, 17, 18, 20, and 21 as well as to reimburse McCart-Pollak for reasonable attorney's fees incurred in bringing the motions that led to such sanctions. Id. at 3. The Court warned that failure to comply would result in further monetary sanctions. On Demand has failed to comply with the Court's order.

         On January 11, 2019, the Court granted McCart-Pollak's motion to compel compliance with subpoena to produce documents. See ECF No. 408. On October 24, 2018, McCart-Pollak served a subpoena for production of documents on Spiral Toys via its registered agent, Incorp. Services, Incorporated. After Spiral Toys failed to respond, she contacted the registered agent to inquire as to whether the subpoena was served, the registered agent informed her that the subpoena was sent to Spiral Toys via email. McCart-Pollak requests that the Court compel the registered agent to disclose the name as well as contact information for the individual associated with the email support@spiraltoys.com. She further requests reasonable costs and fees for having to prepare her motion.

         DISCUSSION

         1. Contempt

         Civil contempt is designed to compel a party's obedience to a specific and definite court order after that party failed to take all reasonable steps to comply. GoVideo, Inc. v. Motion Picture Ass'n of Am., 10 F.3d 693, 695 (9th Cir. 1993). A fine and imprisonment can be imposed for civil contempt by serving “as coercive sanctions to compel the contemnor to do what the law made it his duty to do.” See § 703 Distinction from Civil Contempt, 3A Fed. Prac. & Proc. Crim. § 703 (4th ed.) (quoting Penfield Co. v. Securities and Exchange Commission, 330 U.S. 585, 590 (1947)). Mankel v. Gov't Employees Ins. Co., 2017 WL 3234382, at *2 (D. Nev. July 31, 2017), report and recommendation adopted, 2017 WL 4248174 (D. Nev. Sept. 25, 2017), vacated, 2017 WL 7792701 (D. Nev. Nov. 28, 2017).

         “Sanctions for civil contempt may be imposed to coerce obedience to a court order, or to compensate the party pursuing the contempt action for injuries resulting from the contemptuous behavior, or both.” Taddeo v. Am. Invsco Corp., 2015 WL 751072, at *2 (D. Nev. Feb. 20, 2015) (quoting Gen. Signal Corp. v. Donallco, Inc., 787 F.2d 1376, 1380 (9th Cir.1986)). The civil contempt power of a magistrate judge regarding failure to abide by a discovery order is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 636(e), which provides as follows:

the magistrate shall forthwith certify the facts to a judge of the district court and may serve or cause to be served upon any person whose behavior is brought into question under this section an order requiring such person to appear before a judge of that court upon a day certain to show cause why he should not be adjudged in contempt by reason of the facts so certified.

See 28 U.S.C. 636(e)(6)(B)(iii)(2013).

         Here, the Court instructed On Demand and Mr. Miller to respond to discovery requests and to reimburse McCart-Pollak for her costs in bringing her motion. On Demand and Mr. Miller have failed to do so. Mr. Abbantangelo states that he has attempted to contact Mr. Miller by telephone and email but has not received a response and, therefore, is unable to provide any substantial response. See Opposition (ECF No. 433), 2. It appears that neither On Demand nor Mr. Miller have taken any reasonable steps to comply with the Court's orders or offer any explanations as to their noncompliance. As a result, the undersigned magistrate judge hereby certifies that On Demand and Mr. Miller have defied the Court's orders by failing to respond to such discovery requests as instructed by the Court. It is recommended that On Demand and Mr. Miller be adjudged in contempt of Court and be ordered to pay McCart-Pollak's reasonable costs in bringing her motion for contempt (ECF No. 428).

         2. Motion to Enforce Court Order

         McCart-Pollak requests that the Court compel Non-Party Spiral Toys' registered agent, Incorp. Services, Incorporated, to disclose the name and contact information for the individual associated with the email support@spiraltoys.com. To the extent that Incorp Services, Incorporated has this information, it is directed to ...


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