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Morse v. Aranas

United States District Court, D. Nevada

June 3, 2019

ROBERT WADE MORSE, Plaintiff,
v.
ROMEO ARANAS, et al., Defendants.

          REPORT & RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE RE: ECF NOS. 34, 41

          WILLIAM G. COBB, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         This Report and Recommendation is made to the Honorable Miranda M. Du, United States District Judge. The action was referred to the undersigned Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and the Local Rules of Practice, LR 1B 1-4.

         The court recommends that this action be dismissed due to Plaintiff's failure to prosecute the case, and that Defendants' pending motion for summary judgment be denied as moot.

         I. BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff was an inmate in the custody of the Nevada Department of Corrections (NDOC) when he filed this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. According to Defendants, Plaintiff was released on parole on January 31, 2018.

         Plaintiff filed a notice with the court on January 18, 2018, indicating he would be released that date and provided the court with his new address. (ECF No. 9.) He also stated he would attend the early mediation conference in person. Plaintiff participated in the early mediation conference on February 6, 2018, but a settlement was not reached. (ECF No. 10.)

         Defendants filed a motion for summary judgment on October 15, 2018, that was served on Plaintiff at his new address of record. (ECF No. 34.) Plaintiff did not timely file a response. On January 4, 2019, the court issued a minute order giving Plaintiff an extension until January 24, 2019, to file a response.

         As of April 22, 2019, Plaintiff had not filed a response. As a result, the court issued an order to show cause and gave Plaintiff fourteen days to file and serve a notice of intent to prosecute his action and a response to Defendants' motion for summary judgment. He was advised that a failure to do so would result in a recommendation that his action be dismissed with prejudice for failure to prosecute under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) and Local Rule 41-1.

         To date, Plaintiff has not filed a response to the order to show cause, or a response to Defendants' pending motion for summary judgment. Plaintiff has not otherwise communicated with the court indicating an intent to proceed with this action.

         II. DISCUSSION

         Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) permits dismissal of an action for the failure to prosecute or comply with rules or a court order. Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b).). In addition, Local Rule 41-1 provides that a civil action that has been pending for more than 270 days without any proceeding of record may, after notice, be dismissed for want of prosecution by the court sua sponte.

         It has been 478 days since Plaintiff participated in the unsuccessful early mediation conference, and 227 days since Defendants filed and served their motion for summary judgment. Plaintiff has not indicated that he intends to continue to prosecute this action despite being given multiple extensions of time to respond to the motion and to respond to the order to show cause.

         In considering whether to dismiss a pro se plaintiff's action on this basis, the court considers: “(1) the public's interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the Court's need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.” Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440 (9th Cir. 1998).

         First, the public has an interest in expeditious resolution of litigation. Plaintiff's failure to participate in his lawsuit impedes this goal. ...


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