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The Bank of New York Mellon v. Tramonto Villaggio Homeowners Association

United States District Court, D. Nevada

September 15, 2017

THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON FKA THE BANK OF NEW YORK AS SUCCESSOR IN INTEREST TO JP MORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., AS TRUSTEE FOR STRUCTURED ASSET MORTGAGE INVESTMENTS II TRUST 2006-AR6, MORTGAGE PASS-THROUGH CERTIFICATES SERIES 2006-AR6, Plaintiff,
v.
TRAMONTO VILLAGGIO HOMEOWNERS ASSOCIATION; DAISY TRUST; and ALESSI & KOENIG, LLC, Defendants.

          ORDER

          KENT J. DAWSON UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         Presently before the Court for consideration is Defendant Daisy Trust's (“Daisy”) Motion to Dismiss (#14). Plaintiff The Bank f New York Mellon f/k/a The Bank of New York Mellon as Successor in Interest to JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. as Trustee for Structured Asset Mortgage Investments II Trust 2006-AR6, Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2006-AR6 (“BoNY”) filed a response in opposition (#16) to which Daisy replied (#17).

         I. Facts

         The present action involves a dispute over real property located at 9576 Trattoria Street, Las Vegas, Nevada 89178 (“the Property”). Vahag Stepanyan (“Stepanyan”) purchased the Property on or about October 26, 2005. Stepanyan financed the purchase with a $4629, 250.00 loan, secured by a deed of trust dated June 21, 2006. The deed of trust was assigned to BoNY on March 8, 2010 via an assignment of deed of trust recorded with the Clark County Recorder.

         On November 16, 2010 Tramonto Villaggio Homeowners Association (“Tramonto”), through its agent Alessi & Koenig, LLC (“Alessi”), recorded a notice of delinquent assessment lien for $664.22. On February 16, 2011, Tramonto, through its agent Alessi, recorded a notice of default and election to sell for the amount of $1, 871.76 as of January 11, 2011.

         On or about January 18, 2011 BAC Home Loans Servicing, LP (“BAC”), predecessor-in-interest to BoNY, requested a ledger from Tramonto, through it agent Alessi, identifying the super-priority amount owed to Tramonto. Tramonto provided a ledger identifying the total amount allegedly owed, dated January 10, 2011. BAC calculated an amount of nine months assessment and tendered $432.00 to Tramonto, via Alessi, on February 11, 2011.

         On August 11, 2011, Alessi recorded a notice of trustee's sale against the property on behalf of Tramonto. The notice stated the amount due was $3, 370.03 including reasonably estimated costs, expenses, and advances. Tramonto, via Alessi, recorded a second notice of trustee's sale on August 21, 2012. The notice states the amount due was $3, 645.03, including reasonably estimated costs, expenses, and advances. On September 25, 2012 a foreclosure deed in favor of Daisy[1]was recorded reflecting that Tramonto had sold the property for $9, 000.

         BoNY filed its complaint against Tramonto, Alessi, and Daisy on August 10, 2016. In the complaint BoNY asserted claims of (1) quiet title, (2) breach of NRS 116.1113, (3) wrongful foreclosure, and (4) injunctive relief.

         II. Legal Standard

         A. Motion to Dismiss

         A court may dismiss a plaintiff's complaint for “failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6). A properly pled complaint must provide “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2); Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). While Rule 8 does not require detailed factual allegations, it demands more than “labels and conclusions or a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citations omitted). “Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555. Thus, “[t]o survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter to ‘state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face.'” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (citation omitted).

         In Iqbal, the Supreme Court clarified the two-step approach district courts are to apply when considering motions to dismiss. First, a district court must accept as true all well-pled factual allegations in the complaint; however, legal conclusions or mere recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported only by conclusory statements, are not entitled to the assumption of truth. Id. at 678. Second, a district court must consider whether the factual allegations in the complaint allege a plausible claim for relief. Id. at 679. A claim is facially plausible when the plaintiff's complaint alleges facts that allow the court to draw a reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the alleged misconduct. Id. at 678.

         Further, where the complaint does not permit the court to infer more than the mere possibility of misconduct, the complaint has “alleged-but it has not show[n]-that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Id. at 679 (internal quotation marks omitted). Thus, when the claims in a complaint have not crossed the line from conceivable to plausible, the complaint must be dismissed. Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570. Moreover, “[a]ll allegations of material fact in the complaint are taken as true and construed in the light most favorable to the non-moving party.” In re StacElecs. Sec. Litig., 89 F.3d 1399, 1403 (9th Circ. 1996) (citation omitted).

         III. ...


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