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Randazzo v. Ralphs Grocery Co.

United States District Court, D. Nevada

July 23, 2015




Pending before the Court is Defendant Ralph’s Grocery Company’s (“Defendant”) Motion to Exclude. (ECF No. 15).[1] Plaintiff Lois Randazzo (“Plaintiff”) filed a Response, (ECF No. 16), and Defendant filed a Reply (ECF No. 17). For the reasons discussed below, Defendant’s Motion will be DENIED.


Plaintiff filed her Complaint on June 2, 2014, in the Eighth Judicial District of Nevada. (See Compl., ECF No. 1-1). Plaintiff alleges Defendant was negligent in maintaining its premises and, as a result of this negligence, Plaintiff slipped and fell inside Defendant’s store. (Id. at 2:15-3:5). Shortly after filing the Complaint, Plaintiff’s counsel filed an ex parte motion to depose Plaintiff in order to preserve Plaintiff’s testimony in light of her worsening health. (Response to Mot. to Exclude 2:25-28, ECF No. 16). This motion was granted by the Nevada State Court, and both parties’ counsel deposed Plaintiff while she was in the intensive care unit of Summerlin Hospital on June 18, 2014. (Dep. of Lois Randazzo, ECF No. 15-8).

Defendant removed the case to this Court on June 27, 2014. (Pet. for Removal, ECF No. 1). Following Plaintiff’s death on January 30, 2015, Plaintiff’s interest in this action has been represented by Jeffrey Randazzo in his capacity as special administrator of Plaintiff’s estate. (Notice of Appointment, ECF No. 29). In the instant Motion, Defendant requests that Plaintiff’s June 18, 2014, deposition testimony be excluded from trial.


“A motion in limine is a procedural mechanism to limit in advance testimony or evidence in a particular area.” United States v. Heller, 551 F.3d 1108, 1111 (9th Cir. 2009). “To exclude evidence on a motion in limine the evidence must be inadmissible on all potential grounds.” Gladwell v. Ruby Pipeline, LLC, No. 3:11-cv-00251-RCJ-WGC, 2012 WL 3886112 (D. Nev. Sept. 6, 2012) (internal quotation marks omitted).

In general, “[t]he court must decide any preliminary question about whether . . . evidence is admissible.” Fed.R.Evid. 402. In order to satisfy the burden of proof for Rule 104(a), a party must show that the requirements for admissibility are met by a preponderance of the evidence. See Bourjaily v. United States, 483 U.S. 171, 175 (1987) (“We have traditionally required that these matters [regarding admissibility determinations that hinge on preliminary factual questions] be established by a preponderance of proof.”).

“Irrelevant evidence is not admissible.” Fed.R.Evid. 402. “Evidence is relevant if: (a) it has any tendency to make a fact more or less probable than it would be without the evidence; and (b) the fact is of consequence in determining the action.” Fed.R.Evid. 401. “The court may exclude relevant evidence if its probative value is substantially outweighed by a danger of one or more of the following: unfair prejudice, confusing the issues, misleading the jury, undue delay, wasting time, or needlessly presenting cumulative evidence.” Fed.R.Evid. 403.

“Although the Federal Rules of Evidence do not explicitly authorize in limine rulings, the practice has developed pursuant to the district court's inherent authority to manage the course of trials.” Luce v. United States, 469 U.S. 38, 41 n. 4 (1984) (citing Federal Rule of Evidence 103(c)). In limine rulings “are not binding on the trial judge, and the judge may always change his mind during the course of a trial.” Ohler v. United States, 529 U.S. 753, 758 n. 3 (2000); accord Luce, 469 U.S. at 41 (noting that in limine rulings are always subject to change, especially if the evidence unfolds in an unanticipated manner).


In the instant Motion, Defendant asserts the Court should exclude Plaintiff’s deposition from evidence pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 32 and Federal Rule of Evidence 403. (Mot. to Exclude 4:2-5:5, ECF No. 15). To support this assertion, Defendant relies on two arguments: (1) Plaintiff’s testimony was inaccurate; and (2) the testimony makes an improper appeal to sympathy that will severely prejudice Defendant. (Id.).[2] The Court will assess each of these arguments in turn.

A. Inaccuracy

Defendant points out inconsistencies between Plaintiff’s deposition testimony and other evidence on the record, and claims that these discrepancies render Plaintiff’s testimony “irrelevant.” (Def.’s Reply 3:2-13, ECF No. 17). However, by requesting that the Court exclude the deposition testimony because it does not corroborate ...

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