United States District Court, D. Nevada
JENNIFER A. DORSEY, District Judge.
This action is a pro se civil rights action filed under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 by a state prisoner. On May 4, 2015, this court issued an order denying plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis because plaintiff had "three strikes" pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). (Doc. 3 at 1-2.) The court informed plaintiff that if he did not pay the $400 filing fee in full by June 3, 2015, this case would be dismissed without prejudice. ( Id. at 2.) The 30-day period has now expired, plaintiff did not pay the $400 filing fee, and this case will now be dismissed.
District courts have the inherent power to control their dockets and, "[i]n the exercise of that power, they may impose sanctions including, where appropriate... dismissal" of a case. Thompson v. Hous. Auth. of City of Los Angeles, 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986). A court may dismiss an action, with prejudice, based on a party's failure to prosecute an action, failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules. See Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53-54 (9th Cir. 1995) (dismissal for noncompliance with local rule); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an order requiring amendment of complaint); Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440-41 (9th Cir. 1988) (dismissal for failure to comply with local rule requiring pro se plaintiffs to keep court apprised of address); Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to comply with court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal for lack of prosecution and failure to comply with local rules).
In determining whether to dismiss an action for lack of prosecution, failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules, the court must consider several factors: (1) the public's interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court's need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic alternatives. Thompson, 782 F.2d at 831; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423-24; Malone, 833 F.2d at 130; Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61; Ghazali, 46 F.3d at 53.
Here, the first two factors - the public's interest in expeditiously resolving this litigation and the court's interest in managing the docket - weigh in favor of dismissal. The third factor, risk of prejudice to defendants, also weighs in favor of dismissal because a presumption of injury arises from an unreasonable delay in filing a pleading ordered by the court or prosecuting an action. See Anderson v. Air West, 542 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The fourth factor - public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits - is greatly outweighed by the other factors favoring dismissal. Finally, a court's warning to a party that his failure to obey the court's order will result in dismissal satisfies the "consideration of alternatives" requirement. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262; Malone, 833 F.2d at 132-33; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1424. The court's order requiring plaintiff to pay the full filing fee within 30 days expressly stated: "IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this action will be DISMISSED without prejudice unless plaintiff pays the $400.00 filing fee (which includes the $350 filing fee and the $50 administrative fee) in full by June 3, 2015." (Doc. 3 at 2.) Thus, plaintiff had adequate warning that his case would be dismissed if he failed to pay the $400 filing fee within 30 days.
Accordingly, with good cause appearing and no reason for delay, IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that this action is dismissed without prejudice based on plaintiff's failure to pay the $400 filing fee as ordered on May 4, 2015.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the motion for appointment of counsel (Doc. 2) is denied as moot.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the motion for reconsideration ...