United States District Court, D. Nevada
May 26, 2015
Mario Talamante, et al., Plaintiffs
Mortgage Portfolio Services, et al., Defendants.
INJUNCTIVE RELIEF [DOC. 1-2]
JENNIFER A. DORSEY, District Judge.
Plaintiffs are homeowners who filed this action in Nevada state court to stave off the foreclosure on their home based on allegations that the defendant lenders acted in bad faith, violated Nevada's Unfair Lending Practices Act, and "may not be the owners of the note and mortgage." Plaintiffs filed suit on April 21, 2015, along with a motion for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction to "preserv[e] the status quo of possession of the real property" during the pendency of the lawsuit. The state court set the motion for hearing at 8:30 a.m. on May 26, 2015. Defendants removed this case to federal court on the last business day before the scheduled hearing. Obviously, the removal has resulted in the vacation of that state court hearing. See 28 U.S.C. § 1446(d).
I have reviewed the motion for temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction and/or stay order pursuant to NRS 598D.110. The motion was prepared under Nevada's procedural rules and does not take into consideration the rules that apply in this court. I cannot determine from the motion whether it was filed as an ex parte or emergency request (on page two, counsel notes that there are "exigent circumstances" preventing "prior notice") or in the normal course. And the motion is completely devoid of any argument or analysis: it is just five pages of block-quoted rules and statutes with no transitions, followed by a page of "factual background." Plaintiffs attach the affidavit of Mario Talamante, who offers some facts, but the affidavit consists mostly of legal conclusions.
The standards for granting a temporary restraining order and a preliminary injunction are the same. Under Rule 65(d), "Every order granting an injunction... must: (a) state the reasons why it issued; (b) state its terms specifically; and (c) describe in reasonable detail - and not by referring to the complaint or other document - the act or acts restrained or required." "A preliminary injunction is an extraordinary and drastic remedy, one that should not be granted unless the movant, by a clear showing, carries the burden of persuasion." It is never granted as of right. As the United States Supreme Court explained in Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council , the district court inquires whether the movant has demonstrated: (1) a likelihood of success on the merits, (2) irreparable injury, (3) that remedies available at law are inadequate, (4) that the balance of hardships justify a remedy in equity, and (5) that the public interest would not be disserved by a favorable ruling. "Although the restrictions imposed [on a Rule 65(b) request]... are stringent, they reflect the fact that our entire jurisprudence runs counter to the notion of court action taken before reasonable notice and an opportunity to be heard has been granted both sides of a dispute.'"
In short, plaintiffs' motion falls woefully short of the showing required of movants seeking injunctive relief. Plaintiffs do not mention the factors the court must consider, so it comes as no surprise they do not argue those factors are satisfied. Perhaps most notably, plaintiffs have not said - let alone shown - that irreparable harm will result unless an immediate injunction is entered. Although they claim they have "stated the grounds for a preliminary injunction stopping the foreclosure, " they have not even told the court if or when the foreclosure is scheduled to occur. A more fundamental deficiency is hard to imagine.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the motion for temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction and/or stay order pursuant to NRS 598D.110 [Doc. 1-2 at 4] is DENIED without prejudice to the filing of a properly supported motion that complies with the rules of this court.