United States District Court, D. Nevada
February 10, 2015
CHARLES MANLEY, Plaintiff,
ALAN ZIMMER, et al., Defendants.
ROBERT C. JONES, District Judge.
Plaintiff is a prisoner in the custody of the Nevada Department of Corrections. He sued Defendants in this Court for three Eighth Amendment violations. The Magistrate Judge has submitted a Report and Recommendation ("R&R") recommending that the Court dismiss the first claim without prejudice, grant summary judgment to Defendants at to the third claim, and deny summary judgment to both sides as to the second claim. The Court adopts the R&R as to the third claim but respectfully rejects it in part as to the first and second claims.
First, the Court adopts the facts concerning the first claim as found by the Magistrate Judge, but the Court will grant summary judgment as to the first claim, not dismiss it without prejudice, as recommended. Although a dismissal for failure to exhaust is without prejudice, Defendants have moved for summary judgment against the first claim, not for dismissal, so victory on that motion results in a final adjudication of the claim. See Albino v. Baca, 747 F.3d 1162, 1165-66 (9th Cir. 2014) (en banc) (overruling Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1119 (9th Cir. 2003)). If a failure to exhaust is clear on the face of the complaint, the affirmative defense of non-exhaustion may succeed under Rule 12(b)(6), resulting in dismissal without prejudice, but if evidence is adduced as under the previous "unenumerated Rule 12(b) motion" framework, the motion is in the nature of summary judgment and must be treated accordingly. See id.
Second, the Court adopts the Magistrate Judge's findings of fact as to the second claim but respectfully disagrees that there is any genuine issue of material fact as to the claim, which is the claim of excessive force during the cell extraction. The evidence adduced shows that Plaintiff had been in a significant violent altercation with his cellmate when officers arrived at his cell, and that he had been under the influence of methamphetamine and at least one other drug to the extent that he could not walk or speak and that he was experiencing hallucinations even into the following day after he had recovered his ability to speak and walk. Plaintiff's ability to accurately recollect events in such a state was so compromised as to be virtually worthless. Also, the Court respectfully disagrees that the fact of a gap in the film of the incident creates any genuine issue of material fact. Plaintiff alleges Defendants gratuitously struck him during a portion of the film focusing on his cellmate where Plaintiff is out of the frame. But a defendant has no burden on summary judgment to affirmatively disprove a claim via video or otherwise. The fact that a defendant has not affirmatively disproved a claim does not mean that a Plaintiff has provided evidence sufficient to create a genuine issue of material fact. The declarations of two other prisoners adduced relate to other alleged incidents of excessive force, not the present incident.
Third, the Court adopts the R&R as to the third claim. Baker and McDaniel cannot be held liable as supervisors, because there was no underlying violation, because there is no evidence that they directed or otherwise set into motion the alleged violation via any specific event or policy, see Hydrick v. Hunter, 669 F.3d 937, 942 (2012), and because a post-event failure to investigate cannot have caused a preceding violation.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the R&R (ECF No. 283) is ADOPTED IN PART and REJECTED IN PART.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 201) is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 254) is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Motion for Extension of Time (ECF No. 247) is DENIED as moot.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall close the case.
IT IS SO ORDERED.