United States District Court, D. Nevada
August 18, 2014
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. et al., Plaintiffs,
SANDOZ INC., Defendant.
ORDER GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART MOTION TO SEAL (Docket No. 249)
NANCY J. KOPPE, Magistrate Judge.
Pending before the Court is Defendant's motion to seal. Docket No. 249. The motion seeks to file under seal portions of Defendant's opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment (sealed version: Docket No. 245; public version: Docket No. 244), and Exhibit 14 attached to the Declaration of John R. Lanham, filed in support of Defendant's opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment (sealed version: Docket No. 248; public version: Docket No. 247).
Defendant represents in its motion that its sole ground for filing the materials under seal is the designation of the materials by Plaintiff Spectrum as confidential pursuant to the parties' Protective Order. Docket No. 249, at 3. Therefore, on July 28, 2014, and in compliance with prior instructions from the Court, Plaintiffs filed the Declaration of Mark H. Izraelewicz in Support of Defendant's motion to seal. Docket No. 262.
The Ninth Circuit has held that there is a strong presumption of public access to judicial records. See Kamakana v. City & County of Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1178 (9th Cir. 2006); Foltz v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 331 F.3d 1122, 1135 (9th Cir. 2003). A party seeking to file documents under seal bears the burden of overcoming that presumption. Pintos v. Pac. Creditors Ass'n, 605 F.3d 665, 678 (9th Cir. 2010) (quoting Kamakana, 447 F.3d at 1178). Parties "who seek to maintain the secrecy of documents attached to dispositive motions must meet the high threshold of showing that compelling reasons' support secrecy." Kamakana, 447 F.3d at 1180. Those compelling reasons must outweigh the competing interests of the public in having access to the judicial records and understanding the judicial process. Id. at 1178-79; see also Pintos, 605 F.3d at 679 & n.6 (court must weigh "relevant factors, " including the public's interest in understanding the judicial process). The Ninth Circuit has indicated that "compelling reasons' sufficient to outweigh the public's interest in disclosure and justify sealing court records exist when such court files might have become a vehicle for improper purposes, ' such as the use of records to... release trade secrets." Kamakana, 447 F.3d at 1179.
In his Declaration, Israelewicz represents that Spectrum withdraws its confidentiality designation with respect to the portions redacted in Defendant's opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment. Docket No. 262, at 3.
Additionally, in his Declaration, Izraelewicz represents that Exhibit 14 attached to the Declaration of John R. Lanham ("Exhibit 14") is the rebuttal expert report of Spectrum's validity expert, Dr. Richard G. Moran. Docket No. 262, at 2. Dr. Moran is Spectrum's principal expert on the issue of the validity of Spectrum's patent. Id. Izraelewicz further represents that, if this report were to be disclosed at this point, such disclosure could injure Plaintiffs' competitive posture in a companion case (the "Ben Venue Labs Litigation, " 2:14-cv-980-GMN-PAL) that involves the same, or similar, invalidity arguments as this litigation. Id. Izraelewicz requests that the Court seal this expert report until such time as Plaintiffs have served expert reports in the Ben Venue Litigation. Id. Izraelewicz further notes that the Court previously sealed this report in the instant case, based on the same argument. Id; see also Docket No. 242, at 3. Additionally, Izraelewicz submits that Plaintiffs "will file Exhibit 14 in the public record one day after Plaintiffs serve Dr. Moran's expert statement upon opposing counsel in the Ben Venue litigation." Docket No. 262, at 2-3.
The Court has reviewed Exhibit 14 and concludes that it contains information that could injure Plaintiffs' competitive posture in the Ben Venue Litigation, which warrants keeping it sealed at this time. Further, the Court finds that both good cause and compelling reasons exist to seal this information that overcome the presumption of public access, and that Exhibit 14 cannot be easily redacted while leaving meaningful information available to the public.
IT IS ORDERED THAT for the reasons discussed more fully above and for good cause shown, the Court GRANTS in part and DENIES in part Defendant's motion to seal. Docket No. 249.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT the motion to seal is DENIED in part, as to the portions redacted in Defendant's opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment. The Court hereby ORDERS that the opposition (Docket No. 245) shall be unsealed.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT the motion to seal is GRANTED in part, as to Exhibit 14 to the Declaration of John R. Lanham, filed in support of Defendant's opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment (Docket No. 247). Docket No. 248 shall therefore remain under seal at this time. The Court further ORDERS that, within one day of serving the opposing party in the Ben Venue Litigation with this report, Plaintiffs must file Exhibit 14 on the public docket in the instant case.
IT IS SO ORDERED.