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Johnson v. Colvin

United States District Court, D. Nevada

June 16, 2014

GERRY DEAN JOHNSON, Plaintiff,
v.
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.

ORDER

CAM FERENBACH, Magistrate Judge.

Before the court is Plaintiff Gerry Dean Johnson's Motion/Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (#1[1]).

IN FORMA PAUPERIS APPLICATION

Plaintiff Gerry Dean Johnson asserts in his application to proceed in forma pauperis that he is unemployed and has no take home wages, but that he receives a social security payment of $870.00 per month. (#1). Plaintiff also asserts that he has $20.00 in a checking or savings account, and that his regular monthly expenses are $945.60. ( Id. ) Accordingly, Plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis is granted pursuant to § 1915(a).

LEGAL STANDARD

Upon granting a request to proceed in forma pauperis, a court must additionally screen a complaint pursuant to § 1915(e). Specifically, federal courts are given the authority to dismiss a case if the action is legally "frivolous or malicious, " fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. See § 1915(e)(2). "To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (internal quotations and citation omitted).

In considering whether the plaintiff has stated a claim upon which relief can be granted, all material allegations in the complaint are accepted as true and are to be construed in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Russell v. Landrieu, 621 F.2d 1037, 1039 (9th Cir. 1980). When a court dismisses a complaint under § 1915(e), the plaintiff should be given leave to amend the complaint with directions as to curing its deficiencies, unless it is clear from the face of the complaint that the deficiencies could not be cured by amendment. See Cato v. United States, 70 F.3d 1103, 1106 (9th Cir. 1995) (citation omitted).

DISCUSSION

A claim cannot proceed without a formal complaint. Fed.R.Civ.P. 3. Here, Plaintiff failed to file a complaint. In the interest of a speedy proceeding, Plaintiff is ordered to file a complaint with the Clerk of Court within fourteen (14) days. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 1 (requiring the court to secure the speedy determination of every action). Failure to file a valid complaint within the specified time will result in a recommendation by the court to dismiss Plaintiff's action.

Plaintiff is advised that his complaint must contain (1) "a short and plain statement of the grounds for the court's jurisdiction", (2) "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief"; and (3) "a demand for the relief sought." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8. Additionally, the Social Security Act only provides for federal court review of final decisions of the Commissioner. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). Therefore, Plaintiff's complaint must be timely, must allege that he is disabled, and must arise from a final decision by the Commissioner of Social Security Administration. In such circumstances, this court has jurisdiction to hear Plaintiff's appeal of the Commissioner's denial of his application for Disability Insurance Benefits under Title II of the Social Security Act. See 42 U.S.C. §§ 401-433.

ACCORDINGLY, and for good cause shown,

IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff Gerry Dean Johnson's Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (#1) is GRANTED.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Plaintiff Gerry Dean Johnson is permitted to maintain the action to conclusion without the necessity of prepayment of any additional fees, costs, or security. This Order granting in forma pauperis status shall not extend to the issuance of subpoenas at government expense.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff Gerry Dean Johnson file a complaint with the Clerk of Court in accordance with this order by June 30, 2014. Failure to do so will result in a ...


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