United States District Court, D. Nevada
NASROLLAH GASHTILI, an individual; INTEGRATED DYNAMIC SOLUTIONS, INC., a California corporation; Plaintiffs,
JB CARTER PROPERTIES II, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company; BARTUS CARTER, an individual; FASTRAN, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company, Defendants.
(SECOND RENEWED MOTION FOR ATTY FEES AND COSTS - DKT.
MIRANDA M. DU, District Judge.
Before the Court is Defendant Nasrollah Gashtili and Integrated Dynamic Solutions, Inc.'s (collectively "IDS") Motion for Attorneys' Fees and Memorandum of Costs (dkt. no. 57.) The Court has also considered Plaintiffs' opposition and IDS' reply. For the reasons set forth below, IDS is entitled to $53, 238.50 in attorneys' fees.
This case arises out of alleged copyright infringement. The background facts of this case are recounted in significant detail in the Court's prior Order. (Dkt. no. 42.) The facts relevant to the instant motion are recounted below.
On April 23, 2013, the Court granted judgment in favor of IDS and against Plaintiffs, dismissing Plaintiffs' claims with prejudice. IDS brought a motion seeking costs and attorneys' fees under the Copyright Act. The Court found that Defendants were the prevailing parties and entitled to reasonable attorneys' fees, but could not determine, based on the records presented, whether the attorneys' fees requested were reasonable. The Court granted Defendants' request for costs in the amount of $373.50. Defendants now bring this renewed motion for attorneys' fees curing the deficiencies identified in this Court's prior Order.
A. Attorney's Fees
Reasonable attorney's fees are based on the "lodestar" calculation set forth in Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983). See Fischer v. SJB-P.D., Inc., 214 F.3d 1115, 1119 (9th Cir. 2000). The Court must first determine a reasonable fee by multiplying "the number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation" by "a reasonable hourly rate." Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433. Next, the court decides whether to adjust the lodestar calculation based on an evaluation of the factors articulated in Kerr v. Screen Extras Guild, Inc., 526 F.2d 67, 70 (9th Cir. 1975), which have not been subsumed in the lodestar calculation. See Fischer, 214 F.3d at 1119 (citation omitted).
The factors the Ninth Circuit set forth in Kerr are:
(1) the time and labor required, (2) the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved, (3) the skill requisite to perform the legal service properly, (4) the preclusion of other employment by the attorney due to acceptance of the case, (5) the customary fee, (6) whether the fee is fixed or contingent, (7) time limitations imposed by the client or the circumstances, (8) the amount involved and the results obtained, (9) the experience, reputation, and ability of the attorneys, (10) the "undesirability" of the case, (11) the nature and length of the professional relationship with the client, and (12) awards in similar cases.
Kerr, 526 F.2d at 70. Factors one through five are subsumed in the lodestar calculation. See Morales v. City of San Rafael, 96 F.3d 359, 364 n. 9 (9th Cir. 1996). Further, the sixth factor, whether the fee is fixed or contingent, may not be considered in the lodestar calculation. See Davis v. City & Cnty. of S.F., 976 F.2d 1536, 1549 (9th Cir. 1992), vacated in part on other grounds, 984 F.2d 345 (9th Cir. 1993). Once calculated, the "lodestar" is presumptively reasonable. See Pennsylvania v. Delaware Valley Citizens' Council for Clean Air, 483 U.S. 711, 728 (1987). Finally, only in "rare and exceptional cases" should a court adjust the lodestar figure. Van Gerwen v. Guarantee Mut. Life Co., 214 F.3d 1041, 1045 (9th Cir. 2000) (internal quotations omitted). See also Fischer, 214 F.3d at 1119 n. 4 (stating that the lodestar figure should only be adjusted in rare and exceptional cases).
1. Reasonable Hourly Rate
Courts consider the experience, skill, and reputation of the attorney requesting fees when determining the reasonableness of an hourly rate. Webb v. Ada County, 285 F.3d 829, 840 & n.6 (9th Cir. 2002). A reasonable hourly rate should reflect the prevailing market rates of attorneys practicing in the forum community for "similar services by lawyers of reasonably comparable skill, experience and reputation." See id. ; see also Blum v. Stenson, 465 U.S. 886, 895-96 n.11 (1984). To inform and assist the court in the exercise of its discretion, "[t]he party seeking an award of fees should submit evidence ...