The opinion of the court was delivered by: Miranda M. Duunited States District Judge
ORDER (Def.'s Second Motion for New Trial -- dkt. no. 122)
Following an evidentiary hearing held on May 6, 2013, the Court denied Defendant Heidi Haischer's Second Motion for New Trial (dkt. no. 122). (See dkt. no. 138.) This Order explains the Court's decision.
On July 20, 2011, the United States filed an indictment against Haischer alleging that she perpetrated a mortgage fraud scheme in which she, along with her ex-boyfriend, Kelly Nunes, submitted false loan applications to obtain financing for two properties located in Las Vegas, Nevada. The Indictment alleged that Nunes recruited Haischer to act as a straw buyer for the purchase of these two properties, and that they both completed mortgage loan applications containing materially false and fraudulent representations and material omissions. (Dkt. no. 1.)
On November 9, 2012, a jury found Haischer guilty of one count of wire fraud and one count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud. (Dkt. no. 101.) On November 26, 2012, Haischer timely filed her first motion for a new trial seeking to set aside that verdict and requesting a new trial. (Dkt. no. 102.) The Court denied Haischer's motion. (See dkt. no. 107.)
Haischer's sentencing was scheduled for Monday, April 15, 2013. On the Friday before the sentencing hearing, more than three months after her first motion was denied and after several continuances of the sentencing hearing, Haischer filed this second Motion for New Trial based on the report that was attached to Defendant's Sentencing Memorandum filed on April 1, 2013. (See dkt. nos. 114 & 122.) The Court rescheduled the sentencing hearing for May 6, 2013. (See dkt. no. 126.) The government opposes Haischer's Motion. (See dkt. no. 127.)
A new trial pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 33 must be filed within three (3) years of the verdict if based on newly discovered evidence, see Fed. R. Crim. P. 33(b)(1), or within fourteen (14) days of the verdict if brought on other grounds, see Fed. R. Crim. P. 33(b)(2). A defendant seeking a new trial upon the basis of newly discovered evidence under Fed. R. Crim P. 33(b) must prove five factors: (1) the evidence is newly discovered; (2) the defendant was diligent in seeking the evidence; (3) the evidence is material to issues at trial; (4) the evidence is not (a) cumulative or (b) merely impeaching; and (5) the evidence indicates that the defendant would probably be acquitted in a new trial.
United States v. Harrington, 410 F.3d 598, 601 (9th Cir. 2005) (citing United States v. Kulczyk, 931 F.2d 542, 548 (9th Cir. 1991)). In rare cases, newly discovered impeachment evidence can merit a new trial if it (1) is "so powerful that, if it were believed by the trier of fact, it could render the witness' testimony totally incredible," and (2) that "witness' testimony [was] uncorroborated and provided the only evidence of an essential element of the government case." United States v. Davis, 960 F.2d 820, 825 (9th Cir. 1992).
Haischer requests a new trial based on a report provided by Dr. Thomas Kinsora, a neuropsychologist, created in preparation for sentencing. According to Haischer, the report was created "[f]ollowing two days of testing and examination," and concluded that Haischer "suffers from significant impairments in cognitive functioning." (Dkt. no. 122 at 2.) This overstates Dr. Kinsora's conclusion as offered in his report and testimony at the evidentiary hearing. To quote Dr. Kinsora, he has "significant doubts that she [Ms. Haischer] has the capacity to develop the legal knowledge-based necessary to be a loan officer." (Dkt. no. 114 at 12.) He further states that Defendant "tends to be overwhelmed when materials become complex" and as a result, she "tends to defer to others to help her understand material." Id. at 11. Dr Kinsora reiterated this opinion during his testimony at the evidentiary hearing, concluding that he "would not be surprised if she did little more than sign the documents put in front of her (which is what most of us do)." Id. at 12. This is in fact consistent with Defendant's testimony. Defendant testified that she did not read any of the documents she signed because she trusted Mr. Nunes.
Haischer nevertheless claims that this new evidence "directly refute[s] the government's theory that she could understand the details and technicalities of mortgage lending, that she would have read and understood what she was signing." (Id.) The government opposes the Motion, arguing that this new evidence is cumulative, would not have resulted in acquittal, and that Haischer was not diligent in obtaining this new evidence. The Court agrees with the government.
Although the evidence is indeed new, and may be material to the trial, the remaining requirements for a new trial have not been established.*fn1 First, this evidence is cumulative. Haischer argued at trial that her limited cognitive ability precluded her from forming the intent required for a fraud conviction. Doris Mitchell, James Barger, and Penny Haischer all testified that Haischer was incapable of understanding the complexities of the loan applications she signed. Sean Claggett, the attorney who represented Haischer in her lawsuit against Craig Kelley involving the two properties in the Indictment, testified that Haischer does not seem very bright and often relied on Mr. Nunes. Haischer testified she did not review what she signed and trusted Mr. Nunes to take care of the loans. The government presented evidence that Haischer understood her actions as fraudulent, and that her experience working in the industry (where she earned $96,000 working as a mortgage agent) and general experience of having bought a house demonstrated her ability to appreciate the wrongfulness of her conduct. In fact, the government argued that the excuses Haischer made ─ that she did not understand the mortgage business, did not read the documents she signed, and did not know how to even use a computer ─ were not credible and did not make sense. The government further argued that one does not have to be sophisticated or ...