May 8, 2013
RICHARD W. LEWIS, PLAINTIFF,
LINDA AND TYRONE DUFF, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Larry R. Hicks United States District Judge
This is an order of sanctions against defendants Linda and Tyrone Duff ("the Duffs") and in favor of plaintiff Richard W. Lewis ("Lewis") in the amount of seven thousand seven hundred sixteen dollars and sixty-six cents ($7,716.66).
Facts and Background
This case has an extensive factual and procedural history.*fn1
On July 10, 2003, United States District Judge Edward Reed
entered default judgment against the Duffs in this civil rights
action. Doc. #299.*fn2 As a sanction for the Duffs
refusal to participate in this action, the court awarded Lewis
$280,000 in compensatory damages and $50,000 in punitive damages. Doc.
#320. The Duffs appealed this award (Doc. #343) and the Ninth Circuit
reversed and remanded this action for the imposition of more appropriate sanctions (Doc. #376, Exhibit A).
On remand, this action was reassigned to this court which issued an order awarding sanctions against the Duffs in the amount of $23,149.98 - three times Lewis's identified costs. Doc. #383. In response, the Duffs appealed. Doc. #389. On appeal, the Ninth Circuit vacated the sanctions award finding that an award of sanctions equal to three times Lewis' costs was criminal in nature. Doc. #410. This order follows that history.
In the Ninth Circuit's order vacating the prior-issued sanctions order, the Ninth Circuit remanded the issue of sanctions to this court stating that "the district court may impose a monetary sanction that is civil in nature or not 'serious.'" Doc. #410. The court has reviewed the documents and pleadings on file in this matter, including the Ninth Circuit's decision, and finds that an award of monetary sanctions in the amount of $7,716.66, the amount of Lewis' costs,*fn3 against the Duffs is appropriate for their dilatory conduct in this action. This sanction of $7,716.66 will serve the purpose of compensating Lewis and deterring future similar conduct by the Duffs.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the clerk of court shall enter judgment in favor of plaintiff Richard W. Lewis and against defendants Linda and Tyrone Duff in the amount of $7,716.66. Plaintiff Lewis may also seek recovery for reasonable fees and costs incurred in seeking to satisfy this judgment.