May 6, 2013
RICHARD PIKE, PLAINTIFF,
J. BRAD HESTER ET AL.,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Robert C. Jones United States District Judge
This case arises out of alleged defamation, illegal searches and seizures, and general harassment of an Elko County employee by several sheriff's deputies because of a private dispute between the employee and a sheriff's deputy. Pending before the Court is a Motion to Bifurcate
No. 49). For the reasons given herein, the Court denies the motion.
FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
A. The Parties
Plaintiff Richard Pike is employed by Defendant Elko County (the "County") as the Director of the City of Jackpot Recreation Center (the "Center"). (Compl. ¶ 10, May 25, 2012, ECF No. 1). Plaintiff's supervisor is the Director of Elko County Public Works, Mr. Lynn Forsberg, who is not a party to this action. (See id. ¶ 19). Defendants J. Brad Hester and Sean
employed by the County as deputy sheriffs with Defendant Elko County Sheriff's Office ("ECSO"). (Id. ¶¶ 11--12). Defendants Rick Keema and Jim Pitts are also employed by
and ECSO as the Under-Sheriff and Sheriff, respectively, and they are alleged to be "officers" of the County as that term is used in Section 32 of the Nevada Constitution and final policymakers for the purposes of municipal liability claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (See id. ¶¶ 13--14). Pike and Hester have a history of animosity arising out of Pike's previous supervision over Hester's minor child in Pike's capacity as assistant coach of a high school football team the Fall of 2008. (See id. ¶ 18).
B. The First Unlawful Search
Plaintiff has had an office at the Center since about September 2007, where he keeps personal affects such as photographs. (Id. ¶¶ 21--23). In or about August 2011, Deputy Hester (who was at that time a sergeant), accompanied by Deputy Munson and non-party Deputy Mike Moore, unlocked one of the outer doors of the Center and searched the Center without a warrant, based upon the maliciously false pretense that Plaintiff was selling the illegal drug known as "ecstasy" to school children. (See id. ¶¶ 27--28, 34). Once inside the Center, Hester ordered Moore to conduct a dog sniff throughout the building. (Id. ¶ 29). During the dog sniff, Hester unlocked the door to Plaintiff's office and searched it, including Plaintiff's desk, without a
Id. ¶¶ 30, 34). During the search, Hester seized an envelope from Plaintiff's desk $500 that non-party James Ward had left with Plaintiff to be given to Plaintiff's God- Ward, for travel expenses. (Id.). Hester then ordered Moore to perform a dog sniff of Plaintiff's office, and the dog did not react to anything in Plaintiff's office. (Id. ¶ 31). Hester then asked Moore if he were "sure" there was nothing in the office and asked him to perform
sniff "right here," pointing to Plaintiff's filing cabinet. (Id.). Moore complied, and again did not react. (Id.). Plaintiff did not have any illegal drugs, but he suspects that Hester planted illegal drugs, i.e., ecstasy, during the search, and that the dog simply failed to react to
See id. ¶ 32).
In or about October 2011, ECSO informed Plaintiff of the August 2011 search. (Id. ¶ 38).
Plaintiff presented a grievance to non-party ECSO Lieutenant Marvin Morton about the search, and Morton promised to "look into it." (Id. ¶ 39). Plaintiff alleges that Under-Sheriff Keema's investigation into the illegal search on behalf of ECSO was intentionally deficient. (See id. ¶ 40). However, Sheriff Pitts and Under-Sheriff Keema ultimately "sustained" the investigation,
they found that an illegal search had occurred; still, as is their usual custom and
refused to properly punish Hester, but rather downplayed his illegal conduct in to shield him from civil liability and criminal prosecution, giving him only a written reprimand and three days unpaid leave. (Id. ¶ 41).
C. The Second Unlawful Search
On or about October 25, 2011, Munson, accompanied by non-party former Deputy Steve Church, while in uniform, and without a warrant, picked the lock to an exterior door of the Center in order to train Church how to break into the Center. (Id. ¶ 43). Munson and Church got trapped in the Center when a door locked behind them that they could not reopen, so they called Moore to free them. (Id. ¶ 44). Munson had broken into the Center multiple times in the past in to teach deputies how to break into buildings. (Id. ¶ 45). Plaintiff consented to neither the
25, 2011 search nor the August 2011 search, and Forsberg did not authorize either of Id. ¶¶ 36--37, 46--47).
D. Hester's Defamation of Plaintiff
Hester ordered the illegal August 2011 search of the Center based upon the maliciously
that Plaintiff was selling the drug "ecstasy" to schoolchildren, which claim Hester made to Forsberg, Munson, and Moore. (Id. ¶ 48--50). On September 22, 2011, Hester went to the office of the Dean of Students and Athletic Director of Jackpot Combined School Kim Smith, to talk about Plaintiff and Jackpot Combined School Football Coach Jorge Perez. (Id. ¶ 51). At the meeting, Hester maliciously told Smith that Plaintiff was a "pot head," "one of Jackpot's biggest druggies," and "just threw his bong and pipe away a couple of weeks ago." (Id. ¶ 52).
made these allegations in order to have Plaintiff removed as Head Coach of the Jackpot Football Team so that Hester could secure that position for himself. (Id. ¶ 53).*fn1 The official letter in which Smith memorialized Hester's allegations has since been widely disseminated, adversely
Plaintiffs personal and professional reputation. (Id. ¶¶ 54--55). In or about October 2011, Plaintiff and James Ward met with Lieutenant Morton to present a grievance concerning Hester's defamatory statements, and Morton promised to "look into it." (Id. ¶ 61). Plaintiff believes that Morton conducted an internal affairs investigation, but Pitts, Keema, ECSO, and the took no action against Hester as a result. (Id. ¶¶ 62--63).
E. Hester's Harassment and Plaintiff's Protective Orders Against Hester
After ECSO began the internal affairs investigation of Hester, Hester began driving his ECSO vehicle to Plaintiff's place of residence and work over the span of several months, and up to seven times a day, in order to stop and stare at Plaintiff in a hostile and threatening manner.
¶ 64). Hester did this in order to make Plaintiff fear for his life and safety, as well as the lives and safety of those around him. (Id. ¶ 65).
On November 15, 2011, Plaintiff filed an application for an Order of Protection Against Stalking, Aggravated Stalking, or Harassments against Hester with the Elko County Justice
Id. ¶ 68). Judge Al Kacin of that court entered a Temporary Order for Protection (the "First TOP") that same day. (Id.). At the December 12, 2011 hearing on the application, at least nine witnesses testified, and Judge Kacin later entered an Extended Order of Protection (the "First EOP"), finding by a preponderance of the evidence that Hester had stalked Plaintiff in violation of Nevada Revised Statutes ("NRS") section 200.575(1). (Id. ¶ 69). Judge Kacin
found: (1) Plaintiff felt frightened and intimidated by Hester's conduct, including the
illegal search of his office and the "stop and stare" incidents; (2) Hester's conduct would have reasonable person; and (3) Hester did not have lawful authority to search Plaintiff's and that the search was colored by Hester's animosity towards Plaintiff. (Id.). On March 2, 2012, Plaintiff filed a second application for an Order of Protection Against Stalking, Aggravated Stalking, or Harassments against Hester with the Elko County Justice Court. (Id.
Barbara Nethery of that court entered a Temporary Order for Protection (the "Second TOP") that same day. (Id.).
F. The Present Case
Plaintiff sued the County, ECSO, and Hester, Munson, Keema, and Pitts in their official and individual capacities in this Court on ten causes of action: (1) Fourth Amendment violations pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (all Defendants); (2) Defamation (Hester); (3) False Imprisonment
Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress ("IIED") (Hester); (5) Conversion Invasion of Privacy (Hester and Munson); (7) Negligent Hiring (Pitts, ECSO, and the County); (8) Negligent Retention (Pitts, ECSO, and the County); (9) Negligent Supervision (Pitts, ECSO, and the County); and (10) Respondeat Superior (ECSO and the County). The
and Hester jointly moved to dismiss, and the Court denied the motion. Plaintiff moved for offensive summary judgment as to certain issues adjudicated in the First EOP and Judge Nethery's March 28, 2012 Extended Order for Protection (the "Second EOP"), and the Court granted the motion in part. Defendants have now moved to bifurcate trial on the Monell claim
the first claim) from the individual claims.
"For convenience, to avoid prejudice, or to expedite and economize, the court may order
trial of one or more separate issues, claims, crossclaims, counterclaims, or third-party claims." Fed. R. Civ. P. 42(b).
Defendants argue that if the individual Defendants are found not liable for any constitutional violations, no Monell claim will lie against the County as a matter of law, and that bifurcation could therefore save considerable trial court resources. Defendants also argue that bifurcation will prevent the prejudicial effect that evidence of violations unrelated to the claims against the individual Defendants may have on the jury's consideration of the claims against the individual Defendants. The Court believes, however, that trial of all the claims together in this
will best conserve judicial resources. The Court does not perceive any significant danger of prejudice, as it will emphasize to the jury that it must consider each defendant and each claim
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Motion to Bifurcate Trial (ECF No. 49) is DENIED. IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 26th day this 6th day of April, 2013. of May, 2013.