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Keith Westengard v. Peter anderson et al


April 26, 2013


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Robert C. Jones United States District Judge


This case arises out of an alleged hostile work environment. Defendants have moved for Rule 11 sanctions and to strike the opposition to their previous motion for summary judgment, with attached exhibits. For the reasons given herein, the Court denies the motions.


Plaintiff Keith Westengard is a Battalion Chief with the Nevada Division of Forestry ("NDF"). (Am. Compl. ¶ 2, Nov. 16, 2010, ECF No. 13). Plaintiff became aware that a supervisor was "interfering with operations of the agency in Elko with his affairs with two dispatchers and one ambulance attendant," another supervisor's allegedly poor management style, and illegal activity with respect to grant monies. (See id. ¶ 14). Plaintiff characterizes these as issues of public concern. (See id. ¶ 13). Plaintiff complained of these issues to Defendants, who are his supervisors and co-workers. (Id. ¶ 14). He also facilitated a meeting between an Elko

Commissioner and some NDF employees concerning the alleged adverse effects of poor administration upon operations. (See id.). In retaliation for his complaints, Defendants created a hostile working environment for Plaintiff, including: Defendant Holly Bullington, a dispatcher, to respond to Plaintiff's calls; Bullington's defamation of Plaintiff within and without the agency; the receipt of a negative performance evaluation from an unidentified person, as well as the initiation of an investigation against him for unspecified reasons; and Plaintiff's termination.

¶ 15).*fn1 Plaintiff was also placed on administrative leave during wildfire season, resulting

to seek overtime hours. (See id.). Defendant Richard Harvey has allegedly admitted that the reason behind these adverse employment actions is to keep Plaintiff quiet his complaints so that NDF does not lose its contract with Elko County. (See id. ¶ 16). Plaintiff's damages consist of emotional distress and lost wages and benefits. (Id. ¶ 17).

Plaintiff sued Defendants in this court on a single cause of action for First Amendment retaliation pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Defendants moved for summary judgment, and the Court denied the motion. Defendants have now moved for Rule 11 sanctions and to strike Plaintiff's response to their previous motion for summary judgment.


Defendants ask the Court to sanction Plaintiff for including scandalous matter concerning two Defendants, i.e., that they were engaged in extra-marital affairs, and that one Defendant frequented brothels during work hours and in a work vehicle. Defendants moved for a protective

prior to the deposition of Defendant Sam Hicks, who Plaintiff had identified in discovery as the supervisor identified in the Complaint as having allegedly had extra-marital affairs with "with two dispatchers and one ambulance attendant." The magistrate judge denied the motion. In his opposition to Defendants' motion for summary judgment, Plaintiff stated that Hicks had

open sexual affairs with certain of the dispatchers, even in the dispatch room and his

brothels while on duty and in the NDF official vehicles." He also stated that one of the women with whom Hicks had an affair was Defendant Holly Burlington. These statements

as part of Plaintiff's argument that the affairs harmed the morale of the crews, in lowered readiness, and that Burlington and Hicks retaliated against Plaintiff for the alleged affair.

Plaintiff responds only that the motion is moot because the Court denied the motion for

judgment. This is a disappointing response. Success on a motion does not excuse behavior engaged in while litigating the motion. Although the Court is disappointed with counsel's response, that does not affect the sanctions analysis any more than the merits of the previous motion affect it, and the Court will not award sanctions. The retaliation issue makes the inflammatory allegations in this case relevant, at least as to the basic nature of the allegations, if not the details, and Defendants are incorrect that Plaintiff had no basis for asserting the alleged affairs or brothel frequenting. As Defendants note, Hicks denied the allegations at his deposition, but Plaintiff supported the allegations with his own testimony at his deposition, a transcript of which he adduced in opposition. (See Westengard Dep. 16--22, Jan. 10, 2012, ECF No. 80-1). He denied direct knowledge, but he did claim second-hand knowledge, and his retaliation claims do not depend on the truth of the salacious allegations, but only upon the claim that Defendants retaliated against Plaintiff in part for having revealed the alleged affairs and brothel frequenting. Furthermore, Westengard's own Declaration states that he spoke out against the alleged affairs and brothel frequenting and that this was part of the reason for the alleged retaliation against him.

Westengard Decl. ¶ 7, Oct. 1, 2012, ECF No. 81, at 2). Westergard's deposition transcript and Declaration are sufficiently authenticated by counsel, as he was present at the deposition and Declaration. Because there was a good faith basis for including these relevant facts, Rule 11 sanctions are inappropriate. The Court need not address Westengard's credibility in the alleged statements. Defendants have not argued that Westengard knew the allegations were false but swore to them anyway. There appears to be a legitimate factual dispute truth of the allegations.


IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Motion for Sanctions (ECF No. 88) is DENIED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Motion to Strike (ECF No. 93) is DENIED.


Dated this 16th this 26th dayday of April, 2013. of April, 2013.

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