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Plaintiff v. Santa Rosa Iii Hoa


April 25, 2013


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Robert C. Jones United States District Judge


This case arises out of an HOA unit owner's dissatisfaction with the location of her unit. Pending before the Court are a Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 8), a Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 11), and several other motions. For the reasons given herein, the Court grants the Motion to Dismiss and denies all other pending motions.


Pro se Plaintiff Pia Beaty purchased a unit within Defendant Santa Rosa III HOA in North Las Vegas, Nevada sight unseen from her previous residence in Las Angeles County, California, the purchase via telephone, internet, and mail on October 14, 2009. (Compl. 8--9, Oct. 15, 2012, ECF No. 1). She is dissatisfied with that purchase, alleging that unbeknownst to her at the time of purchase, her unit was on the edge of the development. She therefore believed, Google Maps search, that a park on the other side of the fence were a part of the development. She is also dissatisfied that persons can see her exterior Jacuzzi area from the park, that there is damage to the wall from a tree planted in the park, that she has no easement park, and that her lot adjoins non-development property in general. Plaintiff sued Defendant in this Court on fourteen causes of action: (1)--(12) Misrepresentation; and (13)--(14) unspecified violations of federal law pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Defendants have moved to dismiss. Plaintiff has moved for offensive summary judgment. Plaintiff has filed two motions in limine. Defendant has filed motions to strike one of the motions in limine, and to compel initial disclosures and for sanctions.


The Court dismisses for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. The parties are both Nevada see Compl. ¶¶ 29--30), and all the claims are state law claims, except for the § 1983 claims, which are plainly not viable. The first § 1983 claim is based upon the allegation that Defendant's actions violate Plaintiff's Fifth Amendment right to due process before the taking of or liberty. The Court will treat the claim as a Fourteenth Amendment due process claim, as Defendant is alleged to have acted under color of state law. The claim is based upon alleged misrepresentations made to Plaintiff via the CC&R. This is a misrepresentation claim that does not sound in due process, even if Defendant could be considered a state actor for the purposes of § 1983, which it cannot be. Defendant is not a state actor simply because it was permitted or required by Chapter 116 of the Nevada Revised Statutes to promulgate the CC&R.

of state action were viable, nearly every commercial actor would be subject to suit under § 1983 for its routine acts, because state regulation touches nearly every corner of commercial activity. State actors for the purposes of § 1983 are those who act on behalf of the state, not simply those whose actions are governed by the state's regulations. Plaintiff has not and cannot allege that Defendant acted on behalf of the state. The second § 1983 claim appears to be some sort of Monell-type claim. That claim is also not viable, for the same reason. The remaining claims are state law misrepresentation claims, but there is no diversity of citizenship.


IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 8) is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that all other pending motions are DENIED.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall close the case.


11th day this of April, 2013.


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