Appeal from the Seventh Judicial District Court, Esmeralda County; Peter J. Somers, Judge.
Thompson, Morehouse & Thompson, for Appellants.
Detch & Carney, for Respondents.
By the Court, Norcross, J.:
This is an appeal from a judgment entered upon an order sustaining a motion for a non-suit. Appellants brought their action for restitution of a certain parcel of land described as lot 1 in block 3 of the Phenix North addition to the town of Goldfield. The complaint alleged that on the 26th day of August, 1905, and for a long time prior thereto, one George Brunswick was the owner of said lot. That on the day last mentioned the plaintiff, C. W. Long, brought his certain action upon a money demand against the said Brunswick, and attached the said lot in question; that thereafter, and on the 9th day of January, 1906, judgment was obtained in said action in favor of the plaintiff Long and against the said defendant Brunswick; that execution was issued upon said judgment, and the said property therefore attached was
sold under execution to the appellants in this action, and after the time for redemption had expired a sheriff's deed was executed and delivered to appellants; that between the time of the levy of the writ of attachment and the execution and delivery of the said sheriff's deed, the respondents did, without right or title, enter into and upon said lot, and did take full possession thereof and did oust and eject the said Brunswick and all persons claiming under him therefrom. The answer, in addition to other matters, denied the validity of the judgment obtained by plaintiff Long in his suit against Brunswick, and the validity of the sheriff's deed executed in pursuance of the sale on execution based on said judgment. At the trial, as part of appellant's case, the judgment roll in the case of Long v. Brunswick and the papers in the execution sale were offered in evidence. Objection was made thereto upon the ground that the judgment was void upon the face of the judgment roll, and the objection sustained.
1. The judgment in the Brunswick case was entered upon default. Personal service of summons was had upon Brunswick in California, following an order for publication of summons, and, the defendant having failed to answer within the time allowed by law, his default and a judgment upon default were entered by the clerk. It is contended, first, that there was not sufficient proof of service, for the reason that the affidavit of the person making the service does not appear to have been made before a person authorized by law to take and certify to an affidavit. The affidavit purports to have been sworn to before one G. F. McLellon, a notary public in and for the county of Los Angeles. The certificate is in due form and under the seal of the notary, and the date when his commission expires is appended. Conceding, for the purposes of this case, that this is a question which could be raised by objection to the introduction of the judgment roll, the question is one which was decided by this court some forty-six years ago, contrary to the respondents' contention. In Sargent v. Collins, 3 Nev. 272, this court
held that a certificate to a deposition under the seal of the notary was prima facie evidence of official character, and that further proof of that fact could only be required after such evidence was overcome by rebutting testimony. See, also, Blackie v. Cooney, 8 Nev. 41, 48.
It is next contended that the affidavit fails to show that the person making the service was over 21 years old, as required by the statute, at the time of making the service. This objection is without the slightest merit. The affidavit sets forth that the affiant is over the age of 21 years, and the affidavit was made on the same day that the service was made.
2, 3. The point mainly relied on is the authority, or want of authority, of the clerk to enter the judgment. If the clerk entered the judgment without authority so to do, it is void and subject to collateral attack. It is the contention of counsel for respondent that, in cases where a defendant is personally served without the state in lieu of publication of summons which has been ordered, the clerk cannot enter judgment for failure to answer without the order of the court, as in the case where the defendant is served within the state. In the case where there has been personal service without the state, it is contended that subdivision 3, Rev. Laws, 5236, controls.
Subdivision 3 reads: In actions where the service of the summons was by publication, the plaintiff, upon the expiration of the time, within which by law the defendant is required to answer, may, upon proof of the publication and that no answer has been filed, apply for judgment; and the court shall thereupon require proof to be made of the demand mentioned in the complaint, and if the defendant be not a resident of the state, shall require the plaintiff, or his agent, to be examined on oath respecting any payments that have been made to the plaintiff, or to any one for his use, on account of such demand, and may render judgment for the amount which he is entitled to recover. * * *
While the section of the statute relative to publication of summons provides that ...